WHAT IS SWINE FLU? Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. Swine flu viruses have been reported to spread from person-to-person.
IS THIS SWINE FLU VIRUS CONTAGIOUS? CDC has determined that this swine influenza A virus is contagious and is spreading from human to human. It is not known how easily the virus spreads between people.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF SWINE FLU IN PEOPLE? The symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include FEVER, COUGH,
SORE THROAT, BODY ACHES, HEADACHES, CHILLS AND FATIGUE. Some individuals have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with swine flu. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions.
HOW DOES SWINE FLU SPREAD? Spread of swine influenza A virus is thought to be happening in the same way that seasonal flu spreads. Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing of people with influenza. Sometimes people may become infected by touching something with flu viruses on it and the touching their mouth or nose.
HOW CAN SOMEONE WITH THE FLU INFECT SOMEONE ELSE? Infected people may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 7 or more days after becoming sick. That means that you may be able to pass on the flu to someone else before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sick.
WHAT SHOULD I DO TO KEEP FROM GETTING THE FLU? First and most important:
WASH YOUR HANDS. Try to stay in good general health. Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food. Avoid close contact with people who are sick.